ME: Neolithic Period

Timeline of Middle Eastern history.

ORIGINAL SOURCE: en.wikipedia.org


  NEOLITHIC PERIOD
10th millennium BCE
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PRE ADAMIC PERIOD
10000 Earliest neolithic sanctuaries at Göbekli Tepe in southern Turkey    
9300 First cultivating of wild emmer in Netiv HaGdud and other sites in Jordan by hunter gatherers    
9th millennium BCE
9000 7000 First domestication of sheep in Mesopotamia    
8500 First domestication of the cow (taurine line from the aurochs near Çayönü Tepesi in southeastern Turkey and Dja’de el-Mughara in northern Iraq.    
8400 8100 First settlements at Nevali Cori in Turkey    
8200 7650 First domestication of emmer wheat near Damascus, Syria    
8th millennium BCE
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8000 Human settlements at Sagalassos in southwest Turkey    
First domestication of goats from the bezoar ibex in Iran    
First domestication of einkorn wheat near Karaca Dağ in southeast Turke    
First domestication of Durum wheat near Karaca Dağ in the Levant and the Ethiopian Highlands    
7500 Çatalhöyük, very large Neolithic and Chalcolithic settlement in southern Anatolia    
7000 Jarmo, one of the oldest agricultural communities, in northern Iraq    
7th millennium BCE
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7000 6500 Early undecorated, unglazed and low-fired pottery in Hassuna    
6000 4000 Invention of the potter’s wheel in Mesopotamia    
6th millennium BCE
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6000 First Irrigation and flood control in Mesopotamia and Egypt    
6000 4300 First sail boats in Mesopotamia    
5600 Black Sea floods according to the Black Sea deluge theory    
CREATION & ADAMIC PERIOD
5509 Date of creation according to the Byzantine calendar    
5500 First large scale agriculture by the Sumerians and in the valley of the Nile    
5403 Expulsion from the Garden of Eden according to the Genealogies of Genesis    
5100 First Temples in South Mesopotamia    
5th millennium BCE
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4500 Civilization of Susa and Kish in Mesopotamia    
4570 4250 Merimde culture on the Nile    
4400 4000 Badari culture on the Nile    
4000  First use of light wooden ploughs in Mesopotamia    
Egyptians discover how to make bread using yeast    

 

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