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Ai – ruins.

(1.) One of the royal cities of the Canaanites (Josh. 10:1; Gen. 12:8; 13:3).

It was the scene of Joshua’s defeat, and afterwards of his victory.

It was the second Canaanite city taken by Israel (Josh. 7:2-5; 8:1-29).

It lay rebuilt and inhibited by the Benjamites (Ezra 2:28; Neh. 7:32; 11:31).

It lay to the east of Bethel, “beside Beth-aven.”

The spot which is most probably the site of this ancient city is Haiyan, 2 miles east from Bethel.

It lay up the Wady Suweinit, a steep, rugged valley, extending from the Jordan valley to Bethel.

(2.) A city in the Ammonite territory (Jer. 49:3).

Some have thought that the proper reading of the word is Ar (Isa. 15:1).

Noah Moses

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