2.02.10: The Book of Jubilees Chapters 32.0 tr. R. H. Charles.


KEYS ABBREVIATION DETAILS
AM or A.M 2450 A.M. (A.M. = Anno Mundi)
Abbreviations and Brackets View List Here

Anno Mundi (Latin for “in the year of the world”; Hebrew: לבריאת העולם‎, “to the creation of the world”), abbreviated as AM or A.M., or Year After Creation, is a calendar era based on the biblical accounts of the creation of the world and subsequent history. (wikipedia.org)

 will be displayed in this manner: *2450 A.M.


Chapters. 321)Ch.32:1-15 see: http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub65.htm | see: Ch.32:16-34 http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub65.htm 

(i) (Ch.32:1-15) Levi’s Dream at Bethel; he is appointed to the Priesthood. Jacob celebrates the Feast of Tabernacles and offers Tithes. The Institution of Tithes (cf. Gen. 35.).

p. 162 1. And he abode that night at Bethel, and Levi dreamed2)fn734 Cf. Test. Levi viii. (which describes Levi’s dream-vision of seven men in white as having taken place at Bethel); also v. of the same work (in ix. 3 Jacob has this dream also). that they had ordained and made him the priest of the Most High God,3)fn735 Cf. Gen. xiv. 18-20 (Melchizedek). The title, “Priest of the Most High God,” was appropriated by the Maccabean priest-kings. Apparently it was expected in certain quarters that the Messiah would spring from this priestly ruling house; cf. Ps. cx., especially ver. 4. him and his sons for ever; and he awoke from his sleep and blessed the Lord.

2. And Jacob rose early in the morning, on the fourteenth of this month, and he gave a tithe of all that came with him, both of men and cattle, both of gold and every vessel and garment, yea, he gave tithes of all.

3. And in those days Rachel became pregnant with her son Benjamin. And Jacob counted his sons from him4)fn736 i.e. from Benjamin. upwards and Levi fell to the portion of the Lord,5)fn737 Levi, as the tenth son (counting backwards from Benjamin), fell, under the law of tithe, to the Lord, and was consecrated to the priesthood; cf. also Pirḳe de R. Eliezer xxxvii., where Levi is counted (by a different method) as tenth “and was reckoned as the tithe, holy to God” (cf. Lev. xxvii. 32). and his father clothed him in the garments of the priesthood and filled his hands.6)fn738 A technical expression meaning appointment to the priesthood; cf. Exod. xxviii. 41 (R.V. marg.); xxix. 9.

4. And on the fifteenth of this month, he brought to the altar fourteen oxen from amongst the cattle, and twenty-eight rams, and forty-nine sheep, and seven lambs, and twenty-one kids of the goats as a burnt-offering on the altar of sacrifice, well pleasing for a sweet savour before God.7)fn739 The number of victims does not agree with the prescriptions of the Mosaic Law regarding the Feast of Tabernacles; cf. Num. xxix. 12-40; Lev. xxiii. 34-36, 39-44.

5. This was his offering, p. 163 in consequence of the vow which he had vowed that he would give a tenth,8)fn740 Cf. Gen. xxviii. 22. with their fruit-offerings and their drink-offerings.

6. And when the fire had consumed it, he burnt incense on the fire over the fire, and for a thank-offering two oxen and four rams and four sheep, four he-goats, and two sheep of a year old, and two kids of the goats; and thus he did daily for seven days.

7. And he and all his sons and his men were eating (this) with joy there during seven days and blessing and thanking the Lord, who had delivered him out of all his tribulation and had given him his vow.

8. And he tithed all the clean animals, and made a burnt sacrifice, but the unclean animals he gave (not) to Levi his son, and he gave him all the souls of the men.9)fn741 Cf. Test. Levi ix. 3 (“And he [Jacob] paid tithes of all to the Lord through me”).

9. And Levi discharged the priestly office at Bethel before Jacob his father in preference to his ten brothers, and he was a priest there, and Jacob gave his vow: thus he tithed again the tithe10)fn742 i. e. the second tithe; cf. Num. xviii. 26. to the Lord and sanctified it, and it became holy unto Him.

10. And for this reason it is ordained on the heavenly tables as a law for the tithing again the tithe to eat before the Lord from year to year,11)fn743 Cf. Deut. xiv. 23 (Tobit i. 7). in the place where it is chosen that His name should dwell, and to this law there is no limit of days for ever.

11. This ordinance is written that it may be fulfilled from year to year in eating the second tithe before the Lord in the place where it hath been chosen, and nothing shall remain over from it from this year to the year following.

12. For in its year shall the seed be eaten till the days of the gathering of the seed of the year, and the wine till the days of the wine, and the oil till the days of its season.

13. And all that is left thereof and becometh old, let it be regarded as polluted: let it be burnt with fire, for it is unclean.

14. And thus let them eat it together in the p. 164 sanctuary, and let them not suffer it to become old.

15. And all the tithes of the oxen and sheep shall be holy unto the Lord,12)fn744 Cf. Lev. xxvii. 32; 2 Chron. xxxi. 6. These tithes are not otherwise attested in the O.T. and shall belong to His priests, which they will eat before Him from year to year; for thus is it ordained and engraven regarding the tithe on the heavenly tables.

(ii) (Ch.32:16-34) Jacob’s Visions. He celebrates the eighth day of Tabernacles. The Birth of Benjamin and Death of Rachel (cf. Gen. 35.)

16. And on the following night, on the twenty-second day of this month, Jacob resolved to build that place, and to surround the court with a wall, and to sanctify it and make it holy for ever, for himself and his children after him.

17. And the Lord appeared to him by night and blessed him and said unto him: “Thy name shall not be called Jacob, but Israel shall they name thy name.”

18. And He said unto him again: “I am the Lord who created the heaven and the earth, and I shall increase thee and multiply thee exceedingly, and kings will come forth from thee, and they will judge everywhere wherever the foot of the sons of men hath trodden.

19. Ana I shall give to thy seed all the earth13)fn745 For 17-18 cf. Gen. xxxv. 10-12. Notice that the whole inhabited earth (not merely Palestine, as in Gen. xxxv. 12) is here promised to Israel. which is under heaven, and they will judge all the nations according to their desires, and after that they will get possession of the whole earth and inherit it for ever.”

20. And He finished speaking with him, and He went up from him, and Jacob looked till He had ascended into heaven.14)fn746 Cf. Gen. xxxv. 13.

21. And he saw in a vision of the night, and behold an angel descended from heaven with seven tablets15)fn747 Cf. 4 Ezra xiv. 24. in his hands, and he gave them to Jacob, and he read them and knew all that was written therein which would befall him and his sons throughout p. 165 all the ages.16)fn748 Cf. xlv. 4.

22. And he showed him all that was written on the tablets, and said unto him: “Do not build this place, and do not make it an eternal sanctuary,17)fn749 The sanctuary at Bethel was not to be the one central shrine, where alone acceptable worship was to be offered. and do not dwell here; for this is not the place. Go to the house of Abraham thy father and dwell with Isaac thy father until the day of the death of thy father.

23. For in Egypt thou wilt die in peace, and in this land thou wilt be buried with honour in the sepulchre of thy fathers, with Abraham and Isaac.

24. Fear not, for as thou hast seen and read it, thus will. it all be; and do thou write down everything as thou hast seen and read.”

25. And Jacob said: “Lord, how can I remember all that I have read and seen?” And he said unto him: “I will bring all things to thy remembrance.”18)fn750 In 4 Ezra xiv. 40, Ezra’s memory is said to have been miraculously strengthened after he had received the cup of inspiration; cf. also John xiv. 26.

26. And he went up from him, and he awoke from his sleep, and he remembered everything which he had read and seen, and he wrote down all the words which he had read and seen.

27. And he celebrated there yet another day,19)fn751 i. e. the eighth day of the Feast of Tabernacles. and he sacrificed thereon according to all that he sacrificed on the former days, and called its name †”Addition,”†20)fn752 The Hebrew name is ‘asereth (‘asarta), from a root meaning “detain” (‘āṣar). Hence, perhaps, we may emend here “keeping back,” for on that day he was kept back (Charles). for †this day was added,†21)fn752 The Hebrew name is ‘asereth (‘asarta), from a root meaning “detain” (‘āṣar). Hence, perhaps, we may emend here “keeping back,” for on that day he was kept back (Charles). and the former days he called “The Feast.”22)fn753 So in Rabbinic the Feast of Tabernacles was called, par excellence, “the Feast.”

28. And thus it was manifested that it should be, and it is written on the heavenly tables: wherefore it was revealed to him that he should celebrate it, and add it to the seven days of the feast.

29. 23)fn754 29 is very corrupt. Charles suggests that it should be read: “And its name was called ‘a keeping back’ (i.e. ‘aṣereth) when it was recorded amongst the days of the feast days in the number of the days of the year.”And its name p. 166 was called †”Addition,” † †because that† it was recorded amongst the days of the feast days, †according to† the number of the days of the year.

30. And in the night, on the twenty-third of this month, Deborah Rebecca’s nurse died, and they buried her beneath the city under the oak of the river, and he called the name of this place, “The river of Deborah,” and the oak, “The oak of the mourning of Deborah.”24)fn755 Cf. Gen. xxxv. 8 (R.V. marg.).

31. And Rebecca went and returned to her house to his father Isaac, and Jacob sent by her hand rams and sheep and he-goats that she should prepare a meal for his father such as he desired.

32. And he went after his mother till he came to the land of Kabrâtân,25)fn756 Due to a misunderstanding of the words rendered “some distance” (kibrath hā’ares) in Gen. xxxv. 16. The LXX also took kibrath to be a proper name (Χιβραθο). and he dwelt there.

33. And Rachel bare a son in the night, and called his name “Son of my sorrow”; for she suffered in giving him birth: but his father called his name Benjamin, on the eleventh of the eighth month in the first of the sixth week of this*2143 A.M.* jubilee.

34. And Rachel died there and she was buried in the land26)fn757 “On the way to” in the text of Gen. xxxv. 19. of Ephrath, the same is Bethlehem, and Jacob built a pillar on the grave of Rachel, on the road above her grave.


References   [ + ]

1. Ch.32:1-15 see: http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub65.htm | see: Ch.32:16-34 http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub65.htm
2. fn734 Cf. Test. Levi viii. (which describes Levi’s dream-vision of seven men in white as having taken place at Bethel); also v. of the same work (in ix. 3 Jacob has this dream also).
3. fn735 Cf. Gen. xiv. 18-20 (Melchizedek). The title, “Priest of the Most High God,” was appropriated by the Maccabean priest-kings. Apparently it was expected in certain quarters that the Messiah would spring from this priestly ruling house; cf. Ps. cx., especially ver. 4.
4. fn736 i.e. from Benjamin.
5. fn737 Levi, as the tenth son (counting backwards from Benjamin), fell, under the law of tithe, to the Lord, and was consecrated to the priesthood; cf. also Pirḳe de R. Eliezer xxxvii., where Levi is counted (by a different method) as tenth “and was reckoned as the tithe, holy to God” (cf. Lev. xxvii. 32).
6. fn738 A technical expression meaning appointment to the priesthood; cf. Exod. xxviii. 41 (R.V. marg.); xxix. 9.
7. fn739 The number of victims does not agree with the prescriptions of the Mosaic Law regarding the Feast of Tabernacles; cf. Num. xxix. 12-40; Lev. xxiii. 34-36, 39-44.
8. fn740 Cf. Gen. xxviii. 22.
9. fn741 Cf. Test. Levi ix. 3 (“And he [Jacob] paid tithes of all to the Lord through me”).
10. fn742 i. e. the second tithe; cf. Num. xviii. 26.
11. fn743 Cf. Deut. xiv. 23 (Tobit i. 7).
12. fn744 Cf. Lev. xxvii. 32; 2 Chron. xxxi. 6. These tithes are not otherwise attested in the O.T.
13. fn745 For 17-18 cf. Gen. xxxv. 10-12. Notice that the whole inhabited earth (not merely Palestine, as in Gen. xxxv. 12) is here promised to Israel.
14. fn746 Cf. Gen. xxxv. 13.
15. fn747 Cf. 4 Ezra xiv. 24.
16. fn748 Cf. xlv. 4.
17. fn749 The sanctuary at Bethel was not to be the one central shrine, where alone acceptable worship was to be offered.
18. fn750 In 4 Ezra xiv. 40, Ezra’s memory is said to have been miraculously strengthened after he had received the cup of inspiration; cf. also John xiv. 26.
19. fn751 i. e. the eighth day of the Feast of Tabernacles.
20, 21. fn752 The Hebrew name is ‘asereth (‘asarta), from a root meaning “detain” (‘āṣar). Hence, perhaps, we may emend here “keeping back,” for on that day he was kept back (Charles).
22. fn753 So in Rabbinic the Feast of Tabernacles was called, par excellence, “the Feast.”
23. fn754 29 is very corrupt. Charles suggests that it should be read: “And its name was called ‘a keeping back’ (i.e. ‘aṣereth) when it was recorded amongst the days of the feast days in the number of the days of the year.”
24. fn755 Cf. Gen. xxxv. 8 (R.V. marg.).
25. fn756 Due to a misunderstanding of the words rendered “some distance” (kibrath hā’ares) in Gen. xxxv. 16. The LXX also took kibrath to be a proper name (Χιβραθο).
26. fn757 “On the way to” in the text of Gen. xxxv. 19.

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