|AM or A.M||2450 A.M. (A.M. = Anno Mundi)|
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Anno Mundi (Latin for “in the year of the world”; Hebrew: לבריאת העולם, “to the creation of the world”), abbreviated as AM or A.M., or Year After Creation, is a calendar era based on the biblical accounts of the creation of the world and subsequent history. (wikipedia.org)will be displayed in this manner: *2450 A.M.*
(i) (Ch.13:1-21) Abram with Lot in Canaan and Egypt. (cf. Gen. 12:4-20) Abram separates from Lot (cf. Gen. 13:11-18)
1. And Abram journeyed from Haran, and he took Sarai, his wife, and Lot his brother Haran’s son, to the land of Canaan, and he came into †Asshur†,2)fn403 Corrupt. Read probably Canaan. and proceeded to Shechem, and dwelt near a lofty oak.3)fn404 For 1 cf. Gen. xii. 5-6. For “lofty oak” (so LXX) NIT has “oak of Moreh.”
2. And he saw, and, behold, the land was very pleasant from the entering of Hamath to the lofty oak.4)fn405 Supply (?) “to the east of Bethel with” (Charles).. And the Lord said to him: “To thee and to thy seed will I give this land.”
4. And he built an altar there, and he offered thereon a burnt sacrifice to the Lord, who had appeared to him.
5. And he removed from thence unto the mountain . . .
3. Bethel on the west and Ai on the east, and pitched his tent there.5)fn406 For 3-5 cf. Gen. xii. 7, 8.
6. And he saw and behold, the land was very wide and good, and everything grew thereon–vines and figs and pomegranates, oaks and ilexes, and terebinths and oil trees, and cedars and cypresses and date trees, and all trees of the field, and there was water on the mountains.
7. And he blessed the Lord who had led him out of Ur of the Chaldees, and had brought him to this land.
8. And it came*1954 A.M.* to pass in the first year, in the seventh week, on the new moon of the first month, that he built an altar on this mountain, and called on the name of the Lord: “Thou, the eternal God, art my God.”6)fn407 Cf. Gen. xii. 8.
9. And he offered on the altar a burnt sacrifice unto the Lord p. 93 that He should be with him and not forsake him all the days of his life.
10. And he removed from thence and went towards the south,7)fn408 Cf. Gen. xii. 9. and he came to Hebron, and Hebron was built at, that time, and he dwelt there two years, and he went (thence) into the land of the south, to Bealoth8)fn409 A town in S. Judah (Josh. XV. 24) and there was a famine in the land.
11i. And Abram went into Egypt9)fn410 Cf. Gen. xii. 10. in the third*1956 A.M.* year of the week, and he dwelt in Egypt five years before his wife was torn away from him.
12. NOW Tanais10)fn411 i. e. Zoan. in Egypt was at that time built–seven years after Hebron.11)fn412 Cf. Num. xiii. 22.
11ii And it came to pass when Pharaoh seized Sarai, the wife of Abram, that the Lord plagued Pharaoh and his house with great plagues because of Sarai, Abram’s wife.
14. And Abram was very glorious by reason of possessions in sheep, and cattle, and asses, and horses, and camels, and menservants, and maidservants, and in silver and gold exceedingly. And Lot also, his brother’s son, was wealthy.
15. And Pharaoh gave back Sarai, the wife of Abram, and he sent him out of the land of Egypt,12)fn413 For 13-15a cf. Gen. xii. 15-20 (note that Gen. xii. 18 is omitted). and he journeyed to the place where he had pitched his tent at the beginning, to the place of the altar, with Ai on the east, and Bethel on the west, and he blessed the Lord his God who had brought him back in peace.13)fn414 Cf. Gen. xiii. 3-4.
16. And it came to pass in the forty-first jubilee, in the third year of the*1963 A.M.* first week, that he returned to this place and offered thereon a burnt sacrifice, and called on the name of the Lord, and said: “Thou, the most high God, art my God for ever and ever.”14)fn415 Cf. 8 above.
17. And in the fourth year*1964 A.M.* of this week Lot parted from him, and Lot dwelt in Sodom, and the men of Sodom were sinners exceedingly.15)fn416 Cf. Gen. xiii. 11, 13.
18. And it grieved him in his heart that his brother’s son had parted from him; for he had no p. 94 children.
19. 16)fn417 For 19-21 cf. Gen. xiii. 14-18.In that year when Lot was taken captive, the Lord said unto Abram, after that Lot had parted from him, in the fourth year of this week: “Lift up thine eyes from the place where thou art dwelling, northward and southward, and westward and eastward.
20. For all the land which thou seest I shall give to thee and to thy seed for ever, and I shall make thy seed as the sand of the sea:17)fn418 Cf. Gen. xxii. 17 (Gen. xiii. 16 has as the dust of the earth”). though a man may number the dust of the earth, yet thy seed shall not be numbered.18)fn419 “So that if a man can number then shall thy seed also be numbered” (Gen. xiii. 16).
21. Arise, walk (through the land) in the length of it and the breadth of it, and see it all; for to thy seed shall I give it.” And Abram went to Hebron, and dwelt there.
(ii) (Ch.13:22-29) The Campaign of Chedorlaomer (cf. Gen. 14.)
22. And in this year came Chedorlaomer, king of Elam, and Amraphel, king of Shinar, and Arioch, king of Sêllâsar19)fn420 MT Ellasar. and Têrgâl,20)fn421 MT Tidal (for form here cf. LXX Θαργάλ). king of nations, and slew the king of Gomorrah, and the king of Sodom fled, and many fell through wounds in the vale of Siddim, by the Salt Sea.
23. And they took captive Sodom and Adam21)fn422 i. e. Admah. and Zeboim, and they took captive Lot also, the son of Abram’s brother, and all his possessions, and they went to Dan.22)fn423 Cf. Gen. xiv. 14.+
24. And one who had escaped came and told Abram that his brother’s son had been taken captive and (Abram) armed23)fn424 R.V. “led forth”; the rendering “armed” has the support of the Targum Onkelos. his household servants.
25. . . . . . . . . . . . . . for Abram, and for his seed, a p. 95 tenth of the first-fruits to the Lord,24)fn425 Charles suspects a lacuna at the beginning of 25. It no doubt contained an account of the pursuit of the kings and told of Melchizedek (cf. Gen. xiv. 15-20). That Abraham should have given tithes to Melchizedek (who was uncircumcised) was a difficulty to later Jews (cf. Justin, Trypho xix.). One way of overcoming it was to identify Melchizedek with Shem. and the Lord ordained it as an ordinance for ever that they should give it to the priests who served before Him, that they should possess it for ever.25)fn426 The law about tithes is made to apply for the Levitical priesthood; cf. xxxii. 15.
26. And to this law there is no limit of days; for He hath ordained it for the generations for ever that they should give to the Lord the tenth of everything, of the seed and of the wine and of the oil and of the cattle and of the sheep.
27. And He gave (it) unto His priests to eat and to drink with joy before Him.
28. And the king of Sodom came to him and bowed himself before him, and said: “Our Lord Abram, give unto us the souls which thou hast rescued, but let the booty be thine.”
29. And Abram said unto him: “I lift up my hands to the Most High God, that from a thread to a shoe-latchet I shall not take aught that is thine, lest thou shouldst say I have made Abram rich; save only what the young men have eaten, and the portion of the men who went with me–Aner, Eschol, and Mamre. These will take their portion.”26)fn427 For 28-29 cf. Gen. xiv. 21-24.
References [ + ]
|1.||↑||Ch.13:1-21 see http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub31.htm | Ch.13:22-29 see http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub32.htm|
|2.||↑||fn403 Corrupt. Read probably Canaan.|
|3.||↑||fn404 For 1 cf. Gen. xii. 5-6. For “lofty oak” (so LXX) NIT has “oak of Moreh.”|
|4.||↑||fn405 Supply (?) “to the east of Bethel with” (Charles).|
|5.||↑||fn406 For 3-5 cf. Gen. xii. 7, 8.|
|6.||↑||fn407 Cf. Gen. xii. 8.|
|7.||↑||fn408 Cf. Gen. xii. 9.|
|8.||↑||fn409 A town in S. Judah (Josh. XV. 24|
|9.||↑||fn410 Cf. Gen. xii. 10.|
|10.||↑||fn411 i. e. Zoan.|
|11.||↑||fn412 Cf. Num. xiii. 22.|
|12.||↑||fn413 For 13-15a cf. Gen. xii. 15-20 (note that Gen. xii. 18 is omitted).|
|13.||↑||fn414 Cf. Gen. xiii. 3-4.|
|14.||↑||fn415 Cf. 8 above.|
|15.||↑||fn416 Cf. Gen. xiii. 11, 13.|
|16.||↑||fn417 For 19-21 cf. Gen. xiii. 14-18.|
|17.||↑||fn418 Cf. Gen. xxii. 17 (Gen. xiii. 16 has as the dust of the earth”).|
|18.||↑||fn419 “So that if a man can number then shall thy seed also be numbered” (Gen. xiii. 16).|
|19.||↑||fn420 MT Ellasar.|
|20.||↑||fn421 MT Tidal (for form here cf. LXX Θαργάλ).|
|21.||↑||fn422 i. e. Admah.|
|22.||↑||fn423 Cf. Gen. xiv. 14.+|
|23.||↑||fn424 R.V. “led forth”; the rendering “armed” has the support of the Targum Onkelos.|
|24.||↑||fn425 Charles suspects a lacuna at the beginning of 25. It no doubt contained an account of the pursuit of the kings and told of Melchizedek (cf. Gen. xiv. 15-20). That Abraham should have given tithes to Melchizedek (who was uncircumcised) was a difficulty to later Jews (cf. Justin, Trypho xix.). One way of overcoming it was to identify Melchizedek with Shem.|
|25.||↑||fn426 The law about tithes is made to apply for the Levitical priesthood; cf. xxxii. 15.|
|26.||↑||fn427 For 28-29 cf. Gen. xiv. 21-24.|