|AM or A.M||2450 A.M. (A.M. = Anno Mundi)|
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Anno Mundi (Latin for “in the year of the world”; Hebrew: לבריאת העולם, “to the creation of the world”), abbreviated as AM or A.M., or Year After Creation, is a calendar era based on the biblical accounts of the creation of the world and subsequent history. (wikipedia.org)will be displayed in this manner: *2450 A.M.*
(i) (Ch.11:1-15) The History of the Patriarchs from Reu to Abraham; (cf. Gen. xi, 20-30) the Corruption of the Human Race *1681 A.M.*
1. And in the thirty-fifth jubilee, in the third week, in the first year thereof, Reu took to himself a wife, and her name was ’Ôrâ, the daughter of ’Ûr, the son of Kêsêd, and she bare him a son, and he*1687 A.M.* called his name Sêrôḫ,2)fn373 Cf. Gen. xi. 20 f. (MT. has Serug for Sêrôḫ). in the seventh year of this week in this jubilee.
2. 3)fn374 In 2-6 the corruption of mankind is ascribed to the period of Serug.And the sons of Noah began to war on each other, to take captive and to slay each other, and to shed the blood of men on the earth, and to eat blood, and to build strong cities, and walls, and towers, and individuals (began) to exalt themselves above the nation,4)fn375 A note of hostility to monarchy. and to found the beginnings of kingdoms, and to go to war people against people, and nation against nation, and city against city, and all (began) to do evil, and to acquire arms, and to teach their sons war, and they began to capture cities, and to sell male and female slaves.
3. And ’Ûr, the son of Kêsêd,5)fn376 The place name Ur Kasdîm (“Ur of the Chaldees”) is here transformed into the names of two persons, after whom the city is named. built the city of ’Arâ6)fn377 i. e. Ur. of the Chaldees, and called its name after his own name and the name of his father.
4. And they made for themselves molten images, and they worshipped each the idol, the molten image which they had made for themselves, and they began to make graven images and unclean simulacra, and malignant spirits assisted p. 85 and seduced (them) into committing transgression and uncleanness.
5. And the prince Mastêmâ exerted himself to do all this, and he sent forth other spirits, those which were put under his hand, to do all manner of wrong and sin, and all manner of transgression, to corrupt and destroy, and to shed blood upon the earth.7)fn378 Cf. 1 Enoch xvi.
6. For this reason he called the name of Sêrôḫ, Serug, for every one turned to do all manner of sin and transgression.
7. And he grew up, and dwelt in Ur of the Chaldees, near to the father of his wife’s mother, and he worshipped idols, and he took to himself a wife in the thirty-sixth jubilee, in the*1744 A.M.* fifth week, in the first year thereof, and her name was Mêlkâ,8)fn379 In Gen. xi. 29 Milcah is the name of the wife of Nahor, Abram’s brother. the daughter of Kâbêr, the daughter of his father’s brother.
8. And she bare him Nahor, in the first year of this week, and he grew and dwelt in Ur of the Chaldees, and his father taught him the researches of the Chaldees to divine and augur, according to the signs of heaven.
9. And in the thirty-seventh jubilee, in the sixth week, in the first*1800 A.M.* year thereof, he took to himself a wife, and her name was ’Îjâskâ,9)fn380 = Iscah (cf. Gen. xi. 29; but there she is daughter of Haran). the daughter of Nêstâg of the Chaldees.
10. And she bare him Terah10)fn381 Cf. Gen. xi. 24. in the seventh year*1806 A.M.* of this week.
11. And the prince Mastêmâ sent ravens and birds to devour the seed which was sown in the land, in order to destroy the land, and rob the children of men of their labours. Before they could plough in the seed, the ravens picked (it) from the surface of the ground.
12. And for this reason he called his name Terah, because the ravens and the birds reduced them to destitution and devoured their seed.11)fn382 Apparently some play on the name Terah is involved in the original Hebrew; but the explanation is uncertain.
13. And the years began to be barren, owing to the birds, and they devoured all the fruit of the p. 86 trees from the trees: it was only with great effort that they could save a little of all the fruit of the*1870 A.M.* earth in their days.
14. And in this thirty-ninth jubilee, in the second week in the first year, Terah took to himself a wife, and her name was ’Êdnâ,12)fn383 According to the Talmud (Baba bathra 91a) her name was Amthelai, daughter of Karnebo. the daughter of ’Abrâm13)fn384 i. e. the grandfather of the Biblical Abram. the daughter of his father’s*1876 A.M.* sister.
15. And in the seventh year of this week she bare him a son, and he called his name Abram, by the name of the father of his mother; for he had died before his daughter had conceived a son.14)fn385 it was customary to name a child after a grandfather. Here the child’s name apparently perpetuates the memory of a grandfather who had died before the child was conceived.
(ii) (Ch.11:16-24) Abram’s Knowledge of God and wonderful Deeds (xi. 16-24)
16. And the child began to understand the errors of the earth that all went astray after graven images and after uncleanness, and his father taught him*1890 A.M.* writing, and he was two weeks of years old, and he separated himself from his father15)fn386 This is the theme of much later Jewish legend. See especially the first part of the Apocalypse of Abraham, an edition of which appears in this series. Cf. xii. 1-14 below. that he might not worship idols with him.
17. And he began to pray to the Creator of all things that He might save him from the errors of the children of men, and that his portion should not fall into error after uncleanness and vileness.
18. And the seed time came for the sowing of seed upon the land, and they all went forth together to protect their seed against the ravens, and Abram went forth with those that went, and the child was a lad of fourteen years.
19. And a cloud of ravens came to devour the seed, and Abram ran to meet them before they settled on the ground, and cried to them before they settled on the ground to devour the seed, and said, “Descend not: return to the place p. 87 whence ye came,” and they proceeded to turn back.
20. And he caused the clouds of ravens to turn back that day seventy times, and of all the ravens throughout all the land where Abram was there settled there not so much as one.
21. And all who were with him throughout all the land saw him cry out, and all the ravens turn back, and his name became great in all the land of the Chaldees.
22. And there came to him this year all those that wished to sow, and he went with them until the time of sowing ceased: and they sowed their land, and that year they brought enough grain home and ate and were satisfied.
23. And in the first year of the fifth week Abram taught*1891 A.M.* those who made implements for oxen, the artificers in wood, and they made a vessel above the ground, facing the frame of the plough,16)fn387 An improved method of sowing by means of a seed-scatterer attached to the plough (Arab. bûk) is here described. This marked an advance on the primitive method of scattering the seed by hand, and its invention is ascribed to Abraham. In Rabbinical tradition Noah is the inventor of the plough and kindred instruments. Cf. Krauss, Talmudische Archäologie, ii. 553 (note 151). in order to put the seed thereon, and the seed fell down therefrom upon the share of the plough, and was hidden in the earth, and they no longer feared the ravens.
24. And after this manner they made (vessels) above the ground on all the frames of the ploughs, and they sowed and tilled all the land, according as Abram commanded them, and they no longer feared the birds.
References [ + ]
|1.||↑||Ch.11:1-15 see http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub27.htm | Ch.11:16-24 see http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub28.htm|
|2.||↑||fn373 Cf. Gen. xi. 20 f. (MT. has Serug for Sêrôḫ).|
|3.||↑||fn374 In 2-6 the corruption of mankind is ascribed to the period of Serug.|
|4.||↑||fn375 A note of hostility to monarchy.|
|5.||↑||fn376 The place name Ur Kasdîm (“Ur of the Chaldees”) is here transformed into the names of two persons, after whom the city is named.|
|6.||↑||fn377 i. e. Ur.|
|7.||↑||fn378 Cf. 1 Enoch xvi.|
|8.||↑||fn379 In Gen. xi. 29 Milcah is the name of the wife of Nahor, Abram’s brother.|
|9.||↑||fn380 = Iscah (cf. Gen. xi. 29; but there she is daughter of Haran).|
|10.||↑||fn381 Cf. Gen. xi. 24.|
|11.||↑||fn382 Apparently some play on the name Terah is involved in the original Hebrew; but the explanation is uncertain.|
|12.||↑||fn383 According to the Talmud (Baba bathra 91a) her name was Amthelai, daughter of Karnebo.|
|13.||↑||fn384 i. e. the grandfather of the Biblical Abram.|
|14.||↑||fn385 it was customary to name a child after a grandfather. Here the child’s name apparently perpetuates the memory of a grandfather who had died before the child was conceived.|
|15.||↑||fn386 This is the theme of much later Jewish legend. See especially the first part of the Apocalypse of Abraham, an edition of which appears in this series. Cf. xii. 1-14 below.|
|16.||↑||fn387 An improved method of sowing by means of a seed-scatterer attached to the plough (Arab. bûk) is here described. This marked an advance on the primitive method of scattering the seed by hand, and its invention is ascribed to Abraham. In Rabbinical tradition Noah is the inventor of the plough and kindred instruments. Cf. Krauss, Talmudische Archäologie, ii. 553 (note 151).|