Old Testament Period Literature OVERVIEW TABLE 01B

OVERVIEW TABLE 01B

C01 C02 C03 C04 C05 C06 C07 C08 C09 C10 C11 C12 C13
TANAKH PROTESTANT CATHOLIC EASTERN ORTHODOX ORIG
LANG
Old
Testament
Old
Testament
Old
Testament
Old
Testament
 .
24 books 39 books 46 books 50 books  .
Hebrew Bible  1)Note 1. The 24 books of the Hebrew Bible are the same as the 39 books of the Protestant Old Testament, only divided and ordered differently: the books of the Minor Prophets are in Christian Bibles twelve different books, and in Hebrew Bibles, one book called “The Twelve”. Likewise, Christian Bibles divide the Books of Kingdoms into four books, either 1–2 Samuel and 1–2 Kings or 1–4 Kings: Jewish Bibles divide these into two books. The Jews likewise keep 1–2 Chronicles/Paralipomenon as one book. Ezra and Nehemiah are likewise combined in the Jewish Bible, as they are in many Orthodox Bibles, instead of divided into two books, as per the Catholic and Protestant tradition. Christian Bible Catholic Bible Orthodox Bible  .
CJB
KJV
CPDV EOB  .
TORAH
PENTATEUCH 
(Five Books of Moses)
 .  .  .
Bereishit 
(Torah.
Genesis 
(Pentateuch)
Genesis Genesis Hebrew
Shemot 
(Torah.)
Exodus 
(Pentateuch)
Exodus Exodus Hebrew
Vayikra 
(Torah.)
Leviticus 
(Pentateuch)
Leviticus Leviticus Hebrew
Bamidbar 
(Torah.)
Numbers 
(Pentateuch)
Numbers Numbers Hebrew
Devarim 
(Torah.)
Deuteronomy 
(Pentateuch)
Deuteronomy Deuteronomy Hebrew
NEVI’IM 
 (Prophets)
HISTORICAL BOOKS 
(History.)
     
Yehoshua
(Nevi’im.)
Joshua 
(History.)
Joshua 
(Josue)
Joshua 
(Iesous)
Hebrew
Shofetim
(Nevi’im.)
Judges 
(History.)
Judges Judges Hebrew
Rut 
(Ruth)  
(Ketuvim
(Hamesh Megillot)
2)Note 1.  Books are part of the Ketuvim  (Ketuvim/Hamesh Megillot).  3)Note 14.  The 24 books of the Hebrew Bible are the same as the 39 books of the Protestant Old Testament, only divided and ordered differently: the books of the Minor Prophets are in Christian Bibles twelve different books, and in Hebrew Bibles, one book called “The Twelve”. Likewise, Christian Bibles divide the Books of Kingdoms into four books, either 1–2 Samuel and 1–2 Kings or 1–4 Kings: Jewish Bibles divide these into two books. The Jews likewise keep 1–2 Chronicles/Paralipomenon as one book. Ezra and Nehemiah are likewise combined in the Jewish Bible, as they are in many Orthodox Bibles, instead of divided into two books, as per the Catholic and Protestant tradition. Ruth 
(History.)
Ruth Ruth Hebrew
Shemuel
(Nevi’im.)
4)Note 2.  Samuel 1 & 2 note separated in Hebrew Bible 1 Samuel 
(History.)
1 Samuel 
(1 Kings)
5)Note 23.  The books of Samuel and Kings are often called First through Fourth Kings in the Catholic tradition, much like the Orthodox. 1 Samuel 
(1 Kingdoms)
6)Note 24.  Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians. Hebrew
  2 Samuel 
(History.)
2 Samuel 
(2 Kings) 
7)Note 22.  The books of Samuel and Kings are often called First through Fourth Kings in the Catholic tradition, much like the Orthodox. 2 Samuel 
(2 Kingdoms)
8)Note 25.  Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians. Hebrew
Melakhim
(Nevi’im.)
9)Note 3.  Kings 1 & 2 note separated in Hebrew Bible 1 Kings
(History.)
1 Kings 
(3 Kings) 
10)Note 21.  The books of Samuel and Kings are often called First through Fourth Kings in the Catholic tradition, much like the Orthodox. 1 Kings 
(3 Kingdoms)
11)Note 26.  Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians. Hebrew
  2 Kings
(History.)
2 Kings 
(4 Kings) 
12)Note 20.  The books of Samuel and Kings are often called First through Fourth Kings in the Catholic tradition, much like the Orthodox. 2 Kings 
(4 Kingdoms)
13)Note 27.  Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians. Hebrew

Divrei Hayamim
 aka (Chronicles) 
(Ketuvim
(Other Books)

 

14)Note 4.  This book is part of the Ketuvim, the third section of the Jewish canon. They have a different order in Jewish canon than in Christian canon. (Ketuvim./Other Books).  15)Note 15.  Chronicles 1 & 2 note separated in Hebrew Bible 1 Chronicles
(History.)
1 Chronicles 
(1 Paralipomenon)
1 Chronicles 
(1 Paralipomenon)
Hebrew
  2 Chronicles
(History.)
2 Chronicles 
(2 Paralipomenon)
2 Chronicles 
(2 Paralipomenon)
Hebrew
         
      1 Esdras 16)Note 28.  One of 11 deuterocanonical books in Russian Synodal Bible.  17)Note 45.  2 Esdras in Russian Synodal Bible. Hebrew
Ezra–Nehemiah 
(Ketuvim
(Other Books)
18)Note 5.  This book is part of the Ketuvim, the third section of the Jewish canon. They have a different order in Jewish canon than in Christian canon. (Ketuvim./Other Books). Ezra
(History.)
Ezra 
(1 Esdras)
Ezra 
(2 Esdras)
19)Note 29.  Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians. 20)Note 46.    Some Eastern Orthodox churches follow the Septuagint and the Hebrew bibles by considering the books of Ezra and Nehemiah as one book. 21)Note 51.   1 Esdras in Russian Synodal Bible. Aramaic/
Hebrew
  Nehemiah
(History.)
Nehemiah 
(2 Esdras)
Nehemiah 
(2 Esdras)
22)Note 30.  Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians. 23)Note 47.  Some Eastern Orthodox churches follow the Septuagint and the Hebrew bibles by considering the books of Ezra and Nehemiah as one book. 24)Note 52.   Some Eastern Orthodox churches follow the Septuagint and the Hebrew bibles by considering the books of Ezra and Nehemiah as one book. Hebrew
    Tobit 
(Tobias)
Tobit 
(Tobias)
25)Note 31.  Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians. 26)Note 48.  Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians. Aramaic/
Hebrew
    Judith Judith 27)Note 32.  Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians. Hebrew
Esther   
(Ketuvim
(Hamesh Megillot)
28)Note 6.  This book is part of the Ketuvim, the third section of the Jewish canon. They have a different order in Jewish canon than in Christian canon.  (Ketuvim./Hamesh Megillot). Esther
(History.)
Esther 29)Note 19.  The Catholic and Orthodox Book of Esther includes 103 verses not in the Protestant Book of Esther. Esther 30)Note 33.  The Catholic and Orthodox Book of Esther includes 103 verses not in the Protestant Book of Esther. Hebrew
    1 Maccabees 
(1 Machabees)
31)Jones 2001, p. 215. 1 Maccabees 32)Note 34a.   Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians. Hebrew
    2 Maccabees 
(2 Machabees)
33)Jones 2001, p. 215. 2 Maccabees 34)Note 34b.  Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians. Greek
      3 Maccabees 35)Note 35.  Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians. Greek
      3 Esdras 36)Note 36.  Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians. Greek?
      4 Maccabees 37)Note 37.   In Greek Bibles, 4 Maccabees is found in the appendix. Greek
KETUVIM
 (Writings)
 38)[1 Sifrei Emet], [2 Hamesh Megillot], [3 Other Books] WISDOM BOOKS 
(Poetic)
     
Iyov   
(Job)
(Ketuvim
(Sifrei Emet)
39)Note 7.  This book is part of the Ketuvim, the third section of the Jewish canon. They have a different order in Jewish canon than in Christian canon. (Ketuvim./Sifrei Emet). Job
(Poetic)
Job Job Hebrew
Tehillim  
(Psalms)
(Ketuvim
(Sifrei Emet)
40)Note 8.  This book is part of the Ketuvim, the third section of the Jewish canon. They have a different order in Jewish canon than in Christian canon. (Ketuvim./Sifrei Emet). Psalms
(Poetic)
Psalms Psalms 41)Note 38.   Eastern Orthodox churches include Psalm 151 and the Prayer of Manasseh, not present in all canons. Hebrew
      Prayer of Manasseh 42)Note 39.  Part of 2 Paralipomenon in Russian Synodal Bible. Greek
Mishlei 
(Proverbs)
(Ketuvim
(Sifrei Emet)
43)Note 9.  This book is part of the Ketuvim, the third section of the Jewish canon. They have a different order in Jewish canon than in Christian canon. (Ketu./Sifrei Emet). Proverbs
(Poetic)
Proverbs Proverbs Hebrew
Qoheleth  
(Ecclesiastes)
(Ketuvim
(Hamesh Megillot)
44)Note 10.  This book is part of the Ketuvim, the third section of the Jewish canon. They have a different order in Jewish canon than in Christian canon.  (Ketu./Hamesh Megillot). Ecclesiastes
(Poetic)
Ecclesiastes Ecclesiastes Hebrew
Shir Hashirim  
(Song of Songs)  
(Ketuvim
(Hamesh Megillot)
45)Note 11.  Note. This book is part of the Ketuvim, the third section of the Jewish canon. They have a different order in Jewish canon than in Christian canon.  (Ketu./Hamesh Megillot). Song of Solomon
(Poetic)
Song of Songs 
(Canticle of Canticles)
Song of Songs 
(Aisma Aismaton)
Hebrew
    Wisdom Wisdom 46)Note 40.  Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians. Greek
    Sirach 
(Ecclesiasticus)
Sirach  47)Note 41.  Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians. Hebrew
NEVI’IM 
(Latter Prophets)
MAJOR PROPHETS        
Yeshayahu
(Nevi’im.)
Isaiah
 (Mjr.Prophets)
Isaiah 
(Isaias) 
Isaiah  Hebrew
Yirmeyahu
(Nevi’im.)
Jeremiah
 (Mjr.Prophets)
Jeremiah 
(Jeremias) 
Jeremiah  Hebrew
Aramaic
Eikhah 
(Lamentations)
(Ketuvim
(Hamesh Megillot)
48)Note 12.  This book is part of the Ketuvim, the third section of the Jewish canon. They have a different order in Jewish canon than in Christian canon.  (Ketuvim./Hamesh Megillot). Lamentations
 (Mjr.Prophets)
Lamentations  Lamentations Hebrew
    Baruch  49)Note 18.  In Catholic Bibles, Baruch includes a sixth chapter called the Letter of Jeremiah. Baruch is not in the Protestant Bible or the Tanakh. Baruch 50)Note 42.  In Catholic Bibles, Baruch includes a sixth chapter called the Letter of Jeremiah. Baruch is not in the Protestant Bible or the Tanakh. 51)Note 49. Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians. Hebrew   52)Note 51. “Baruch”, Encyclopædia Britannica, 1911
      Letter of Jeremiah  53)Note 43.  Eastern Orthodox Bibles have the books of Baruch and the Letter of Jeremiah separate. 54)Note 50. Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians. Greek 
(majority view)
55)Note 52. Hebrew (minority view); see Letter of Jeremiah for details.
Yekhezqel
(Nevi’im.)
Ezekiel
 (Mjr.Prophets)
Ezekiel 
(Ezechiel)
Ezekiel  Hebrew
Daniel 
(Ketuvim
(Other Books)
56)Note 13.  This book is part of the Ketuvim, the third section of the Jewish canon. They have a different order in Jewish canon than in Christian canon. (Ketuvim./Other Books). Daniel
 (Mjr.Prophets)
Daniel  57)Note 17.  In Catholic and Orthodox Bibles, Daniel includes three sections not included in Protestant Bibles. The Prayer of Azariah and Song of the Three Holy Children are included between Daniel 3:23–24. Susanna is included as Daniel 13. Bel and the Dragon is included as Daniel 14. These are not in the Protestant Old Testament. Daniel  58)Note 44.  In Catholic and Orthodox Bibles, Daniel includes three sections not included in Protestant Bibles. The Prayer of Azariah and Song of the Three Holy Children are included between Daniel 3:23–24. Susanna is included as Daniel 13. Bel and the Dragon is included as Daniel 14. These are not in the Protestant Old Testament. Hebrew/
Aramaic
 THE TWELVE ,
aka (Trei Asar)
(Nevi’im.)
59)Nevi’im Prophets TWELVE MINOR PROPHETS      
The Twelve 
(01/12) 
Hosea
 (Min.Prophets)
Hosea 
(Osee)
Hosea Hebrew
 The Twelve 
(02/12) 
Joel
 (Min.Prophets)
Joel Joel Hebrew
 The Twelve 
(03/12)
Amos
 (Min.Prophets)
Amos Amos Hebrew
 The Twelve 
(04/12) 
Obadiah
 (Min.Prophets)
Obadiah 
(Abdias)
Obadiah Hebrew
 The Twelve 
(05/12) 
Jonah
 (Min.Prophets)
Jonah 
(Jonas)
Jonah Hebrew
 The Twelve 
(06/12)
Micah
 (Min.Prophets)
Micah 
(Micheas)
Micah Hebrew
 The Twelve 
(07/12)
Nahum
 (Min.Prophets)
Nahum Nahum Hebrew
 The Twelve 
(08/12)
Habakkuk
 (Min.Prophets)
Habakkuk 
(Habacuc)
Habakkuk Hebrew
 The Twelve 
(09/12)
Zephaniah
 (Min.Prophets)
Zephaniah 
(Sophonias)
Zephaniah Hebrew
 The Twelve 
(10/12)
Haggai
 (Min.Prophets)
Haggai 
(Aggeus)
Haggai Hebrew
 The Twelve 
(11/12)
Zechariah
 (Min.Prophets)
Zechariah 
(Zacharias)
Zechariah Hebrew
 The Twelve 
(12/12)
Malachi
 (Min.Prophets)
Malachi 
(Malachias)
Malachi Hebrew

 

References   [ + ]

1. Note 1. The 24 books of the Hebrew Bible are the same as the 39 books of the Protestant Old Testament, only divided and ordered differently: the books of the Minor Prophets are in Christian Bibles twelve different books, and in Hebrew Bibles, one book called “The Twelve”. Likewise, Christian Bibles divide the Books of Kingdoms into four books, either 1–2 Samuel and 1–2 Kings or 1–4 Kings: Jewish Bibles divide these into two books. The Jews likewise keep 1–2 Chronicles/Paralipomenon as one book. Ezra and Nehemiah are likewise combined in the Jewish Bible, as they are in many Orthodox Bibles, instead of divided into two books, as per the Catholic and Protestant tradition.
2. Note 1.  Books are part of the Ketuvim  (Ketuvim/Hamesh Megillot).
3. Note 14.  The 24 books of the Hebrew Bible are the same as the 39 books of the Protestant Old Testament, only divided and ordered differently: the books of the Minor Prophets are in Christian Bibles twelve different books, and in Hebrew Bibles, one book called “The Twelve”. Likewise, Christian Bibles divide the Books of Kingdoms into four books, either 1–2 Samuel and 1–2 Kings or 1–4 Kings: Jewish Bibles divide these into two books. The Jews likewise keep 1–2 Chronicles/Paralipomenon as one book. Ezra and Nehemiah are likewise combined in the Jewish Bible, as they are in many Orthodox Bibles, instead of divided into two books, as per the Catholic and Protestant tradition.
4. Note 2.  Samuel 1 & 2 note separated in Hebrew Bible
5. Note 23.  The books of Samuel and Kings are often called First through Fourth Kings in the Catholic tradition, much like the Orthodox.
6. Note 24.  Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians.
7. Note 22.  The books of Samuel and Kings are often called First through Fourth Kings in the Catholic tradition, much like the Orthodox.
8. Note 25.  Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians.
9. Note 3.  Kings 1 & 2 note separated in Hebrew Bible
10. Note 21.  The books of Samuel and Kings are often called First through Fourth Kings in the Catholic tradition, much like the Orthodox.
11. Note 26.  Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians.
12. Note 20.  The books of Samuel and Kings are often called First through Fourth Kings in the Catholic tradition, much like the Orthodox.
13. Note 27.  Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians.
14. Note 4.  This book is part of the Ketuvim, the third section of the Jewish canon. They have a different order in Jewish canon than in Christian canon. (Ketuvim./Other Books).
15. Note 15.  Chronicles 1 & 2 note separated in Hebrew Bible
16. Note 28.  One of 11 deuterocanonical books in Russian Synodal Bible.
17. Note 45.  2 Esdras in Russian Synodal Bible.
18. Note 5.  This book is part of the Ketuvim, the third section of the Jewish canon. They have a different order in Jewish canon than in Christian canon. (Ketuvim./Other Books).
19. Note 29.  Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians.
20. Note 46.    Some Eastern Orthodox churches follow the Septuagint and the Hebrew bibles by considering the books of Ezra and Nehemiah as one book.
21. Note 51.   1 Esdras in Russian Synodal Bible.
22. Note 30.  Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians.
23. Note 47.  Some Eastern Orthodox churches follow the Septuagint and the Hebrew bibles by considering the books of Ezra and Nehemiah as one book.
24. Note 52.   Some Eastern Orthodox churches follow the Septuagint and the Hebrew bibles by considering the books of Ezra and Nehemiah as one book.
25. Note 31.  Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians.
26. Note 48.  Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians.
27. Note 32.  Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians.
28. Note 6.  This book is part of the Ketuvim, the third section of the Jewish canon. They have a different order in Jewish canon than in Christian canon.  (Ketuvim./Hamesh Megillot).
29. Note 19.  The Catholic and Orthodox Book of Esther includes 103 verses not in the Protestant Book of Esther.
30. Note 33.  The Catholic and Orthodox Book of Esther includes 103 verses not in the Protestant Book of Esther.
31, 33. Jones 2001, p. 215.
32. Note 34a.   Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians.
34. Note 34b.  Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians.
35. Note 35.  Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians.
36. Note 36.  Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians.
37. Note 37.   In Greek Bibles, 4 Maccabees is found in the appendix.
38. [1 Sifrei Emet], [2 Hamesh Megillot], [3 Other Books]
39. Note 7.  This book is part of the Ketuvim, the third section of the Jewish canon. They have a different order in Jewish canon than in Christian canon. (Ketuvim./Sifrei Emet).
40. Note 8.  This book is part of the Ketuvim, the third section of the Jewish canon. They have a different order in Jewish canon than in Christian canon. (Ketuvim./Sifrei Emet).
41. Note 38.   Eastern Orthodox churches include Psalm 151 and the Prayer of Manasseh, not present in all canons.
42. Note 39.  Part of 2 Paralipomenon in Russian Synodal Bible.
43. Note 9.  This book is part of the Ketuvim, the third section of the Jewish canon. They have a different order in Jewish canon than in Christian canon. (Ketu./Sifrei Emet).
44. Note 10.  This book is part of the Ketuvim, the third section of the Jewish canon. They have a different order in Jewish canon than in Christian canon.  (Ketu./Hamesh Megillot).
45. Note 11.  Note. This book is part of the Ketuvim, the third section of the Jewish canon. They have a different order in Jewish canon than in Christian canon.  (Ketu./Hamesh Megillot).
46. Note 40.  Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians.
47. Note 41.  Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians.
48. Note 12.  This book is part of the Ketuvim, the third section of the Jewish canon. They have a different order in Jewish canon than in Christian canon.  (Ketuvim./Hamesh Megillot).
49. Note 18.  In Catholic Bibles, Baruch includes a sixth chapter called the Letter of Jeremiah. Baruch is not in the Protestant Bible or the Tanakh.
50. Note 42.  In Catholic Bibles, Baruch includes a sixth chapter called the Letter of Jeremiah. Baruch is not in the Protestant Bible or the Tanakh.
51. Note 49. Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians.
52. Note 51. “Baruch”, Encyclopædia Britannica, 1911
53. Note 43.  Eastern Orthodox Bibles have the books of Baruch and the Letter of Jeremiah separate.
54. Note 50. Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians.
55. Note 52. Hebrew (minority view); see Letter of Jeremiah for details.
56. Note 13.  This book is part of the Ketuvim, the third section of the Jewish canon. They have a different order in Jewish canon than in Christian canon. (Ketuvim./Other Books).
57. Note 17.  In Catholic and Orthodox Bibles, Daniel includes three sections not included in Protestant Bibles. The Prayer of Azariah and Song of the Three Holy Children are included between Daniel 3:23–24. Susanna is included as Daniel 13. Bel and the Dragon is included as Daniel 14. These are not in the Protestant Old Testament.
58. Note 44.  In Catholic and Orthodox Bibles, Daniel includes three sections not included in Protestant Bibles. The Prayer of Azariah and Song of the Three Holy Children are included between Daniel 3:23–24. Susanna is included as Daniel 13. Bel and the Dragon is included as Daniel 14. These are not in the Protestant Old Testament.
59. Nevi’im Prophets

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