TaNaKh תַּנַ”ךְ‎‎,

(Hebrew Bible) (24 books)

The three-part division

1. Torah (Ta) | 2. Nevi’im (Na) | 3. Ketuvim (Ka)

reflected in the acronym “TaNaKh.” is well attested in literature of the Rabbinic period.1)Preface to the New Revised Standard Version Anglicised Edition

During that period, however, “Tanakh” was not used. Instead, the proper title was Mikra (or Miqra, מקרא, meaning “reading” or “that which is read”) because the biblical texts were read publicly.

Mikra continues to be used in Hebrew to this day, alongside Tanakh, to refer to the Hebrew scriptures.

In modern spoken Hebrew, they are interchangeable.2)Barton 2001, p. 3.


TORAH (FIVE BOOKS)


The Torah (תּוֹרָה, literally “teaching”) consists of five books, commonly referred to as the “Five Books of Moses”.

1.0 Bereshit (בְּרֵאשִׁית, literally “In the beginning”)—Genesis

2.0 Shemot (שִׁמוֹת, literally “Names”)—Exodus

3.0 Vayikra (ויקרא, literally “And He called”)—Leviticus

4.0 Bəmidbar (במדבר, literally “In the desert [of]”)—Numbers

5.0 Devarim (דברים, literally “Things” or “Words”)—Deuteronomy


NEVI’IM (Nəḇî’îm‎‎, “Prophets”) (EIGHT BOOKS)


Nevi’im (Hebrew3)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hebrew_language: נְבִיאִים Nəḇî’îm‎‎, “Prophets”) is the second main division of the Tanakh consists of Eight Books

1.0 (יְהוֹשֻעַ / Yĕhôshúa‘)—Joshua

2.0 (שופטים / Shophtim)—Judges

3.0 (שְׁמוּאֵל / Shmû’ēl)—Samuel (Book 1 | Book 2)

4.0 (מלכים / M’lakhim)—Kings (Book 1 | Book 2)

5.0 (יְשַׁעְיָהוּ / Yĕsha‘ăyāhû)—Isaiah

6.0 (יִרְמְיָהוּ / Yirmyāhû)—Jeremiah

7.0 (יְחֶזְקֵיאל / Yĕkhezqiēl)—Ezekiel

8.0 The Twelve Minor Prophets (תרי עשר, Trei Asar, “The Twelve”) are considered (1) one book.

i. (הוֹשֵׁעַ / Hôshēa‘)—Hosea

ii. (יוֹאֵל / Yô’ēl)—Joel

iii. (עָמוֹס / ‘Āmôs)—Amos

iv. (עֹבַדְיָה / ‘Ōvadhyāh)—Obadiah

v. (יוֹנָה / Yônāh)—Jonah

vi. (מִיכָה / Mîkhāh)—Micah

vii. (נַחוּם / Nakḥûm)—Nahum

viii. (חֲבַקּוּק /Khăvhakûk)—Habakkuk

ix. (צְפַנְיָה / Tsĕphanyāh)—Zephaniah

xi. (חַגַּי / Khaggai)—Haggai

xii. (זְכַרְיָה / Zkharyāh)—Zechariah

xiii. (מַלְאָכִי / Mal’ākhî)—Malachi


KETUVIM (כְּתוּבִים, “Writings”) (ELEVEN BOOKS)


The Three Poetic Books (Sifrei Emet)

1.0 Tehillim (Psalms) תְהִלִּים

2.0 Mishlei (Book of Proverbs) מִשְלֵי

3.0 Iyyôbh (Book of Job) אִיּוֹב

The Five Megillot4)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Five_Megillot (Hamesh Megillot).

These books are read aloud in the synagogue on particular occasions, the occasion listed below in parenthesis.

1.0 Shīr Hashīrīm (Song of Songs) or (Song of Solomon) שִׁיר הַשִׁירִים (Passover)

2.0 Rūth (Book of Ruth) רוּת (Shavuot)5)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shavuot

3.0 Eikhah (Lamentations) איכה (Ninth of Av or Tisha B’Av)6)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tisha_B%27Av [Also called Kinnot in Hebrew.]

4.0 Qōheleth (Ecclesiastes) קהלת (Sukkot)7)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sukkot

5.0 Estēr (Book of Esther) אֶסְתֵר (Purim)8)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Purim

Consists of Three Books

1.0 Dānî’ēl (Book of Daniel) דָּנִיֵּאל

2.0 ‘Ezrā (Book of EzraBook of Nehemiah) עזרא

3.0 Divrei ha-Yamim (Chronicles) דברי הימים (Book 1 | Book 2)

SOURCES: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Testament

SOURCES: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tanakh

References   [ + ]

1. Preface to the New Revised Standard Version Anglicised Edition
2. Barton 2001, p. 3.
3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hebrew_language
4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Five_Megillot
5. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shavuot
6. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tisha_B%27Av
7. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sukkot
8. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Purim

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *